Ethiopia lies in the horn of Africa, between 4 and 18 degrees north latitude, and 33 and 48 East longitudes. It measures some 1,400 km from North to South, and its total area being 1,374,737 sq km, making it the 10th largest country on the African continent.
Traveling in Ethiopia gives the daydream of through different centuries. It has an independence of spirit which made it the only country to remain un-colonized country from the 19<sup>th</sup> century scramble for Africa. It is true to say it is where the ancient world and Africa meet.
The country is a true revelation. It is welcoming, enjoyable, and uplifting, and one of the most rewarding and attractive countries in Africa. The historic Route is one of the great pleasures of Ethiopia. Nowhere else in the world can you see riches of the man’s past such as those in the northern Ethiopia.
A history that stretches back to the time of prehistoric man to more than 3,000 years old history of Axum; the 5th century B.C. Temple of yeha; the 12th century rock hewn churches of Lalibela and the medieval castles of Gondar.
Riches that encompass the history of Ethiopia from 1st early beginning to the modern day, riches that are set amongst some of the most stunning scenery in Ethiopia; and where our people work today, just as their ancestors have done for generations.
Ethiopia’s uniqueness makes it a fascinating destination for every kind of traveler, but in particular for the traveler who wants that bit more. Ethiopia’s historic sites are extremely wide-ranging and possibly the most extensive in the whole of Sub-Saharan Africa.
Experts claim that such sites are only a fraction of what Ethiopia has to offer given that a further 95% remain to be discovered and excavated.
Seven of Ethiopia’s cultural heritage sights are included in the world cultural heritage list.
Ethiopia is the earliest known home of humankind. A skeleton of an older human ancestor Australopithecus Afarensis was discovered in 1974 in the Afar region.
Anthropologists have established that the skeleton covering 40% of the human body had belonged to a twenty-years-old female that lived 3.5 million years ago.
Registered by the United Nations Education, Science, and Culture Organization (UNESCO) as a World Heritage, the site of the discovery is called Hadar – situated 160 kilometers northeast of Addis Ababa.
Lucy, 3.5 million years old, and the recent discovery Ramides, 4.4 million years old hominid fossil, are discovered in Haddar, along the Awash River, east of the country.
They completed the missing link between Apes and men. Melka Konture is also an important archeological site where 1.5 million years old stone tools were found.
Several cave paintings and stone monuments are found in different parts of the country like Dilla, southern Ethiopia and Dire Dawa, eastern Ethiopia.
Trek through the Simians, following widespread network of trails used by the local people to travel between the villages on the lower slopes or to reach the high pastures for feeding them animals. The superiority of these trails, along with the fantastic scenery, unique flora and fauna make this a gratifying and challenging trek. It is a paradise for natural history fanatics as well as for trekkers.
Initially the route will take through small villages and terraced fields in the lower valleys, before reaching a series of dramatic cliffs and escarpments. Beyond these escarpments we reach the beautiful high-altitude fields and the rugged wilderness of the high peak areas.
There will be an opportunity to ascend many of the 4,000m peaks, including Ras Dashen 4543m, before descending into the lowland valleys, and returning by a completely different route, which will give us a rare opportunity to view the ridges and peaks from a different viewpoint.